Natural Living Des Moines


Companion Planting by dianabauman
May 30, 2009, 8:27 pm
Filed under: Home and Garden

I’ve been reading and researching about companion planting this year. Now that I’m feeling confident in the garden, I knew it was time to amp it up as far as learning more about what kinds of plants will attract beneficial insects and also repel harmful insects (Integrated Pest Management). Being an organic gardener it’s wise to utilize annuals, perennials and herbs alongside your veggies to help them produce and deter harmful insects.  Companion Planting will attract more bees to pollinate and birds to munch on harmful insects. So far in my garden I’ve planted Zinnias, Geraniums, Marigolds, Nasturtiums, Chamomile and still need to add a variety of herbs. Not only was I thinking about Integrated Pest Management but the beautiful array of colors that my annuals will produce. I can’t wait to see what it will finally look like come mid/late June.

I thought it would be helpful to share what I have learned by providing a list of the best plants and herbs to help you on your way to Companion Planting.

Asters

Deters most insects

Basil

Basil repels white fly and makes a good companion to tomatoes, in the garden & the kitchen. Use 3 basil plants to each tomato plant. Basil also repels flies and mosquitoes, so useful in kitchen, outdoor barbecues. Don’t plant near rue. Deters tomato hornworm, aphids, flies and mosquitoes. Slows growth of milkweed bugs and acts as a fungicide.Borage – Deters tomato worm – improves growth and flavor of tomatoes

Borage

Plant with strawberries to increase crop. Also good with tomatoes and squash. Attracts bees to the garden. Deters tomato worms, attracts bees, helps growth and flavor.

Calendula (Pot Marigold)

Deters asparagus beetles, tomato worms and general garden pests

Catnip

Deters flea beetle

Celery

White cabbage butterfly

Chamomile

Improves growth and flavor of onions and cabbages.

Chrysanthemum

Deters most insects

Dead Nettle

Deters potato bug – improves growth and flavor of potatoes

Eggplant

Deters Colorado potato beetle

Fennel

Repels fleas, so grow it around dog kennel.

Flax

Deters potato bug

Garlic

Deters Japanese beetle – other insects and blight

Geranium

Deters most insects. Plant near roses, grapes and corn. Repels cabbage worm. Oil of geranium prevents red spider mite.

Horseradish

Plant at corners of potato patch to deter potato bug

Henbit

General insect repellant

Hyssop

Deters cabbage moth, white butterflies, good insect repellant

Lavendar

Lavender bags repel mice, ticks and moths.

Marigold

The workhouse of the pest deterrents. Plant throughout garden to discourage Mexican bean beetles, nematodes and other insects.

Mint

Deters white cabbage moth and ants

Nasturtium

Good insect repellent. Deters aphids, squash bugs, striped pumpkin beetles

Onion Family

Deters most pests

Oregano

Plant near broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower to repel cabbage butterfly and near cucumbers to repel cucumber beetle. Also benefits grapes.

Petunia

Protects beans

Peppermint

Planted among cabbages, it repels the white cabbage butterfly

Radish

Especially deters cucumber beetle

Rosemary

Deters cabbage moth, bean beetle and carrot fly

Rue

Deters Japanese Beetle

Sage

Deters cabbage moth, carrot fly

Salsify

Repels carrot fly

Southernwood

Deters cabbage moth

Summer Savory

Deters bean beetles

Tansy

Deters flying insects, Japanese beetles, striped cucumber beetles, squash bugs, ants

Tomato

Asparagus beetle

Thyme

Deters cabbage worm

Wormwood

Carrot fly, white cabbage butterfly, black flea beetle


Diana Bauman is a Local Spanish foodie. You can view her personal blog at: A Little Bit of Spain In Iowa.

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1 Comment so far
Leave a comment

Cool site, love the info.

Comment by Bill Bartmann




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